Acquired brain injury

What is acquired brain injury?

Acquired brain injury (ABI) is an injury to the brain after birth. This may be either traumatic or non-traumatic.

There are around 350,000 hospital admissions every year in the UK relating to ABIs.

Traumatic brain injury is most commonly associated with accidents, assaults and falls that lead to a head injury and trauma to the brain. Traumatic injuries can range from minor brain injuries to severe injuries causing long-term disability.

A non-traumatic brain injury may derive from an internal source, such as a stroke or a brain tumour, or an external source, such as poisoning or substance abuse.

Treatment and recovery

Whilst the outcome of a brain injury depends largely upon the nature and severity of the injury itself, appropriate treatment plays a vital role in determining the level of recovery. For many people with severe brain injuries, long-term rehabilitation is necessary to maximise function and independence.

How we help

Acquired brain and spinal cord injury is one of Brain Research UK’s three priority research areas. This means that we have identified a large unmet need in this area, coupled with a lack of sufficient research investment from other sources.

We want to improve the outlook for those affected by funding research that takes forward our understanding of how to repair the damage caused by acquired brain or spinal cord injury. 

We have recently awarded two grants for research in this area. Both are focused on stroke: